Michael M. Gunter


Gunter, Michael M.

1. "The Iraqi Opposition and the Failure of U.S. Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 12, no. 2 (Summer 1999): 135-167.

The author covers U.S. efforts against Saddam Hussein into late 1998, but the focus is on the 1994-1996 period when the CIA's operation based on the Kurdish opposition was at its height. Gunter is not optimistic about the potential success of future efforts to use opposition groups to overthrow the Iraqi leader.

2. "The Iraqi National Congress (INC) and the Future of the Iraqi Opposition." Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 19 (Spring 1996): 1-20.

An earlier version of the above article.


Gunter, Michael. "Mulla Mustafa Barzani and the Kurdish Rebellion in Iraq: The Intelligence Factor." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 7, no. 4 (Winter 1994): 465-474.

This article strains hard to make a conventional analysis of the defeat of Barzani's Kurds in 1975 but adds little that is new or insightful.


Gunter, Michael M. "Susurluk: The Connection Between Turkey's Intelligence Community and Organized Crime." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 11, no. 2 (Summer 1998): 119-141.

The author explores the existence within Turkey of an "illegal, secret organization" linking state security officials, right-wing politicians, and organized crime.


Gunter, Michael M. "United States-Turkish Intelligence Liaison Since World War II." Journal of Intelligence History 3, no. 1 (Summer 2003). [http://www.intelligence-history.org]

From abstract: "This article analyzes many specific examples of intelligence liaison between the United States and Turkey since World War II."

[Liaison; OtherCountries/Turkey]

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