David Gries


Gries, David. "The CIA and Congress: Uneasy Partners." In Extracts from Studies in Intelligence to Commemorate the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution, 77-84. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 1987.


Gries, David. "Intelligence in the 1990s." Studies in Intelligence 35, no. 1 (Spring 1991): 5-11.


Gries, David. "New Links Between Intelligence and Policy." Studies in Intelligence 34, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 1-6. In Inside CIA's Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency's Internal Journal, 1955-1992, ed. H. Bradford Westerfield, 357-365. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

Gries points to the increased importance of the "oral assessments," growing out of the expansion over time of contacts between intelligence officers and policymakers. Such contacts include meetings, briefings, and less structured channels. With specific exceptions, written assessments "today mainly influence the policy process indirectly. Senior intelligence officers and the staffs that support policy officers are now their principal readers."


Gries, David. "A New Look for Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 10, no. 1 (Jan. 1995): 170-183.

Gries, David D. "Opening Up Secret Intelligence." Orbis 37, no. 3 (Summer 1993): 365-372.

ProQuest: "The CIA's efforts to relax its tradition of secrecy and adjust to public oversight are discussed.... New public uses of intelligence information must be included in the CIA's policy."


Gries, David D. "Openness and Secrecy: A Basic Tension." Studies in Intelligence 37, no. 5 (1994): 33-35.

'The task before intelligence agencies now is to build higher fences around fewer secrets, limiting protection only to sources and methods that merit it, while disclosing as much as possible of everything else."


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