Gerth, Jeff. "China Espionage Inquiry Was Plagued by Many Mistakes, Senate Report Says." New York Times, 6 Aug. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"The government's investigation into how China got American nuclear weapons secrets was plagued by widespread mistakes and misjudgments but there was no political interference," according to a 32-page critique issued by two ranking members of a Senate committee that held closed hearings on the investigation.
Gerth, Jeff. "C.I.A. Ignored Report of Payments to Chinese for Satellite Contracts." New York Times, 24 Dec. 1998. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"CIA officers in China told headquarters in March 1996 that a consultant for American aerospace companies had made payments to Chinese officials in hopes of getting lucrative contracts, U.S. intelligence officials say.... [F]or reasons that remain unclear, the cable languished in CIA files for more than two years.... It was unearthed this year only after congressional committees began examining whether the Clinton administration had compromised national security in its zeal to promote high technology exports to China.... The consultant is Bansang Lee, a Chinese-American who worked for Hughes Space & Communications and for Loral Space & Communications."
Gerth, Jeff. "In Wake of Espionage, Debate on New Nuclear Arms Agency." New York Times, 23 Jun. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
On 22 June 1999, the U.S. Senate and the Clinton Administration "moved closer ... to a drastic legislative restructuring of the Energy Department," by the creation of an "Agency for Nuclear Stewardship." However, Energy Secretary Richardson is continuing to resist a separate office to oversee nuclear weapons programs. See also, Audrey Hudson, "Hill Eyes Change to Guard Nuke Secrets," Washington Times, 23 June 1999. Washington Times National Weekly Edition, 28 Jun.-4 Jul. 1999, 15.
Gerth, Jeff. "McDonnell Douglas and Chinese Indicted for Deal." New York Times, 20 Oct. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
On 19 October 1999, a Federal grand jury indicted the McDonnell Douglas Corporation and the state-owned China National Aero Technology Import and Export Corporation (Catic) "on charges of conspiring to hide important details of a 1994 sale of American machining equipment, some of which was diverted to a Chinese military site."
Gerth, Jeff. "Military's Information War Is Vast and Often Secretive." New York Times, 11 Dec. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
According to "documents and interviews with contractors, government officials and military personnel," the U.S. government "has been conducting an information war that is extensive, costly and often hidden." The goal is "to counter anti-American sentiment in the Muslim world." The 1,200-strong Fourth Psychological Operations Group based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, "turns out what its officers call 'truthful messages' to support" the government's objectives.
[CA/PsyOps; GenPostwar/IW; MI/Ops/Iraq/05]
Gerth, Jeff. "New C.I.A. Chief Picks Veteran Staff." New York Times, 22 Jul. 1998, A12.
Gerth, Jeff. "President's Top Security Adviser Questioned by Senate Committee." New York Times, 1 Jul. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
On 30 June 1999, National Security Adviser Sandy Berger answered questions before the SSCI "about how the White House has handled the allegations of nuclear espionage by China. One official who attended the meeting ... said that Berger repeated previous accounts of how he first learned about the issue in April 1996 and first informed Clinton in July 1997, after receiving a more detailed briefing." See also, Walter Pincus, "Berger Defends Handling of Espionage Allegations Before Hill Panel," Washington Post, 1 Jul. 1999, A18.
Gerth, Jeff. "Retired General to Oversee Security for Nuclear Weapons Labs." New York Times, 17 Jun. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
On 16 June 1999, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson named Gen. Eugene E. Habiger (USAF (Ret.) ) "to be the department's first security czar." Habiger "retired from the Air Force last year after serving as commander in chief of the United States Strategic Command, where he supervised the military's nuclear arsenal."
Richardson also "announced that all normal operations at three nuclear weapons laboratories will cease for two days next week as part of an intensive review of security."
Gerth, Jeff. "U.S. Adds 6 Chinese Sites to List that Alerts Computer Sellers." New York Times, 10 Jun. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"In an effort to prevent sensitive technology from being used by the Chinese military, the Commerce Department has told exporters that shipments to six missile and nuclear sites in China will require Federal approval."
Gerth, Jeff, and Judith Miller. "Funds for Terrorists Traced to Persian Gulf Businessman." New York Times, 14 Aug. 1996, A1.
Gerth, Jeff, and James Risen. "1998 Report Told of Lab Breaches and China Threat." New York Times, 2 May 1999.
A secret report, prepared by U.S. counterintelligence officials "throughout the Government" and "distributed to the highest levels of the Government" warned that "China posed an 'acute intelligence threat' to the Government's nuclear weapons laboratories and that computer systems at the labs were being constantly penetrated by outsiders.... The 25-page counterintelligence report contains many examples of lax security and serious intelligence breaches at the labs that have not been previously disclosed, involving more than a dozen foreign countries."
Gerth, Jeff, and James Risen. "Reports Show Scientist Gave U.S. Radar Secrets to China." New York Times, 10 May 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
Peter Lee, "[a] scientist working on a classified Pentagon project in 1997[,] provided China with secrets about advanced radar technology being developed to track submarines, according to court records and government documents."
Gerth, Jeff, and James Risen. "Spying Charges Against Beijing Are Spelled Out by House Panel." New York Times, 26 May 1999.
The long-awaited report by the the House Select Committee on U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China "that describes a pattern of systematic and successful Chinese espionage to learn American nuclear secrets was released on [25 May 1999], and President Clinton said he agreed that national security should be improved."
See also, John M. Broder, "President's Sober Response Assures Public of Security Measures," New York Times, 26 May 1999; Vernon Loeb, "Spy Report Sparks GOP Attack," Washington Post, 26 May 1999, A1; Walter Pincus, "China May Add 100 Missiles Over 15 Years," Washington Post, 26 May 1999, A22, and "Missiles May Be Added Despite Stated Policy," Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 31 May 1999, 15-16; Nancy E. Roman, "China Spy Report Stuns Capitol Hill," Washington Times, 26 May 1999; and Bill Sammon, "Clinton Distances Himself From Scandal," Washington Times, 26 May 1999.
Gerth, Jeff, and Eric Schmitt. "House Panel Says Chinese Obtained U.S. Arms Secrets." New York Times, 31 Dec. 1998. [http://www.nytimes.com]
A classified report by a House select committee, chaired by Christopher Cox (R-CA), "has found that over the last 20 years China obtained, sometimes through theft, some of the most sensitive of American military technology, including nuclear weapons design." The panel's inquiry began in May 1998, prompted by the transfer by U.S. companies of satellite and missile-related technology to China.
"[W]itnesses and intelligence officials who worked with the committee said it agreed with assessments by the Pentagon and the State Department that information shared with Chinese scientists by two American companies, the Hughes Electronics Corporation and Loral Space and Communications, had improved Beijing's ability to launch satellites and ballistic missiles."
Gerth, Jeff, and Eric Schmitt. "Political Battle: What to Reveal on China Arms." New York Times, 10 Mar. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
In Boston on 9 March 1999, "a federal grand jury indicted Yao Yi, a Chinese scientist, and Collin Shu, a Canadian, on charges of conspiracy to violate export control laws by attempting to ship fiberoptic gyroscopes to China.... The Customs Service contends that the shipments, had they succeeded, could have helped China improve the accuracy of their missiles."
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