George. Editors. "Free Agency." Oct. 1999, 34.

You want to visit the CIA: Make a film, apply for a job, take a tour, or visit the Web site.


George, A.L. Propaganda Analysis: A Study of the Inferences Made from Nazi Propaganda in World War II. Evanston, Il: Rowe Petersen, 1959.


George, Joseph, Jr. "Black Flag Warfare: Lincoln and the Raids against Richmond and Jefferson Davis." The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 115, no. 3 (Jul. 1991): 291-318.


George, Roger Zane. "Beyond Analytic Tradecraft." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23, no.2 (Summer 2010): 296-306.

"[M]ore needs to be done than improving tradecraft to make CIA analysis more relevant, insightful, and respected. The recent attention to analytic rigor is not misplaced, but it is not a silver bullet.... CIA analysis must ... be constantly improving through education, collaboration, and outreach to those who may bring entirely different perspectives to an intelligence issue."


George, Roger Z. "Fixing the Problem of Analytical Mind-Sets: Alternative Analysis." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 17, no.3 (Fall 2004): 385-404.

"Knowing when a mind-set is becoming obsolete and in need of revision can test the mettle of the best expert.... Alternative Analysis (AA) seeks to impose an explicit self-review by using specific techniques to reveal unconscious analytical assumptions or challenge weak evidence or logic, and consider alternative hypotheses or outcomes, even in the absence of convincing evidence."


George, Roger Z. "Meeting 21st Century Transnational Challenges: Building a Global Intelligence Paradigm." Studies in Intelligence 51, no. 3 (2007): 1-9. []

'[T]he dominant intelligence paradigm for the past half century" has been one of developing "critical information through a national, classified system of collection and analysis. This paradigm has been effective in organizing US intelligence ... for what have been largely state-centric challenges." However, "many post-Cold War and post-9/11 challenges raise questions about the effectiveness of the traditional intelligence paradigm." This article provides "a description of a new way of thinking about intelligence collaboration that is designed to leverage open sources, multi-disciplinary and multi-national sources of expertise, and pooled international resources."


George, Roger Z. "Reflections on CIA Analysis: Is It Finished?" Intelligence and National Security 26, no. 1 (Winter-Spring 2011): 72-81.

In this article, the author continues his criticism of the CIA's analytical work and calls for the CIA and DNI leadership to "revisit the utility of designing the DI's business model almost entirely around the PDB."


George, Roger Z., and James B. Bruce, eds. Analyzing Intelligence: Origins, Obstacles, and Innovations. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2008. Analyzing Intelligence: National Security Practitioners' Perspectives. 2d ed. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2014.

Peake, Studies 52.3 (Sep. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.2 (Fall 2008), finds this to be an "important book" that differs from other books on intelligence analysis by its "broad scope.... Analyzing Intelligence is the most comprehensive book on the subject to date." To Hanley, Proceedings 134.11 (Nov. 2008), "this book offers timely and perceptive observations on the practice or, as the authors are at pains to argue, the profession of intelligence."

To Foley, NCWR 62.4 (Autumn 2009), the editors "have succeeded in providing a book that is more primer than an effort to answer the question of professionalization of the discipline.... Analyzing Intelligence, although not fully convincing about the lack of a 'professional' discipline of intelligence analysis, is worth the read for those concerned with effectively 'connecting the dots' ahead of the next crisis on the horizon." For Wheaton, AIJ 30.1 (2012), the editors have managed, for the most part, to balance "the opinions and finely ground axes of the individual authors with a need for structure."

With regard to the second edition, Peake, Studies 59.1 (Mar. 2015), finds that of the 20 articles, eight are new and the others have been updated. "Analyzing Intelligence is an important, thoroughly documented book that clarifies the vital importance of analysis to the intelligence profession. It should be carefully read by students and practitioners alike."


George, Roger Z., and Robert D. Kline, eds. Intelligence and the National Security Strategist: Enduring Issues and Challenges. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 2003. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.

According to Peake, Studies 49.2 (2005), "[t]he 39 chapters in this 10-part reader ... provide the foundation for a variety of college-level courses on intelligence. They pull together often hard to find articles by a diverse group of professionals.... Scholars are urged to consult this work for a comprehensive overview of this complex profession -- intelligence." Medby, NWCR 58.4 (Autumn 2005), says that these "essays by an impressive list of authors address[] many of the issues especially salient to intelligence practitioners and their consumers in this time of reflection and reform.... [T]his book is remarkably valuable to any course dealing with the intelligence community."

[Overviews/Gen/00s; RefMats/Teaching]

George, Roger Z., and Harvey Rishikof, eds. The National Security Enterprise: Navigating the Labyrinth. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2011.

This book brings together "a group of professionals who are familiar with their respective [organizational] cultures" and has them "reflect on their particular institutions and the interagency process." The authors were invited "to target some of their insights regarding their organization's culture on recent events in Iraq and the fight against terrorism." (p. xiii)

Bailey, AIJ 29.1 (2011), sees this work as "an ideal introductory textbook for new students in security studies trying to understand the overall national security architecture before diving into niche areas of interest.... In addition to the standard issues, this book provides a comprehensive view of oversight." For Peake, Studies 55.4 (Dec. 2011) and Intelligencer 19.1 (Winter-Spring 2012), this work "widens the perspective for those interested in how the IC functions, or should function.... It is also essential reading for students and potential managers. A really valuable addition to the intelligence literature."

Although focused on "the larger security process," Nolte, IJI&C 25.3 (Fall 2012), sees this as "the best one-volume compilation ... for understanding intelligence, its internal processes, and the environment in which it operates." This "wonderful addition to the literature available in national security studies ... will be equally useful in introductory courses on intelligence missions and structures, and in more specialized courses on the intelligence/policy relationship." Tama, I&NS 27.4 (Aug. 2012), finds that this book "provides the most in-depth overview in print of how national security policy is made today and of the challenges of formulating and implementing it effectively."


George, Scott [COL/USAF], and Robert Ehlers [LTCOL/USAF]. "Air-Intelligence Operations and Training: The Decisive Edge for Effective Airpower Employment." Air & Space Power Journal 22, no. 2 (Summer 2008). [] American Intelligence Journal 26, no. 1 (Summer 2008): 18-23.

"For the first time since 1945, the Air Force is ... moving rapidly in the direction of a vigorous intelligence program, establishing new organizations such as the ISR Agency with specific mission sets as well as making each intelligence organization within the Air Staff and other commands responsible for specific programmatic, operational, and training responsibilities. Most importantly, Air Force senior leaders [have] recognized the rapidly increasing importance of intelligence by creating an entirely new deputy chief of staff position, the USAF/A2, with authority to make the changes required to bring intelligence into the twenty-first century."


George, Theodore A. "The Calculation of Soviet Helicopter Performance." Studies in Intelligence 3, no. 4 (Fall 1959): 43-48.

"How a set of mathematical curves and formulas can be used to convert data derived from the still photograph of a new whirlybird to specifications for its performance in action."


George, Willis. Surreptitious Entry. New York: Appleton-Century, 1946.

Clark comment: Disgruntled second-story man for OSS and ONI tells all. For Constantinides, this is "a good handbook on clandestine techniques of entry ... and on surveillance.... George headed the OSS team that made entry into Amerasia's offices."

[SpyCases/U.S./Other/Amerasia; WWII/OSS/OtherOps]

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