Gar - Garh

Garamone, Jim. "From U.S. Civil War to Afghanistan: A Short History of UAVs." American Forces Press Service. 16 Apr. 2002. [http://www.defenselink.mil]

This is a brief-but-informative item at the basic level.

[Recon/UAVs]

Garbler, Florence Fitzsimmons. CIA Wife: One Woman's Life Inside the CIA. Santa Barbara, CA: Fithian Press, 1994.

Clark comment: The CIA career of Garbler's husband was derailed around 1964 when he came under investigation by James Angleton as a Soviet mole. Paul Garbler's obituary appears in Adam Bernstein, "CIA Cold Warrior Paul Garbler; Won Payment Over Loyalty Slur," Washington Post, 6 Apr. 2006, B6.

Surveillant 3.6 notes that Garbler's husband spent thirty-six years (1942-1978) in the intelligence business and was the first chief of station in Moscow (1962-1964). Garbler blames Richard Helms "as weak for refusing to step in and curtail an out-of-control Angleton who was engaged in a character and career assassination campaign of her husband and others."

According to S.E., CIRA Newsletter 20.2, the "first portion of this book relates a wonderful love story.... Then, despite its title, it begins to represent the memoirs of both husband and wife chronicling their more than 25 years with the Agency.... [I]f the couple were fond of a CIA or cover colleague they usually do not name that person.... Former Director Richard Helms and DDO Tom Karramessines, Foreign Service officers Malcolm Toon and Walter Stoessel, along with others, each come in for their own harsh treatment."

[CIA/Memoirs; Women/Misc/CIA]

Garby-Czerniawski, Roman. The Big Network. London: G. Ronald, 1961.

Polish intelligence officer surveys clandestine operations in occupied Europe.

[UK/WWII/Overviews]

Garcia, Ralph A. Harbor Knight: From Harbor Hoodlum to Honored CIA Agent. iUniverse, 2013.

Peake, Studies 57.4 (Dec. 2013), notes that the author advanced to GS-15 without a college degree. "For those wondering what a CIA career is like and what one can do when motivated to serve his country, Garcia's story is a fine model."

[CIA/Memoirs]

Gardella, Lawrence. Sing a Song to Jenny Next: The Incredible True Account of a Secret U.S. Raid into China. New York: Dutton, 1981.

Petersen: "Account of a purported 1952 covert operation in China, by a disillusioned participant."

[CIA/40s; GenPostwar/50s/Korea]

Garder, Michel. La guerre secrète des services spéciaux français, 1935-1945. Paris: Plon, 1967.

[France/Interwar & WWII]

Gardham, Duncan (Telegraph).

Gardiner, L. Keith. "Dealing with Intelligence-Policy Disconnects." Studies in Intelligence 33, no. 2 (Summer 1989): 1-9. In Inside CIA's Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency's Internal Journal, 1955-1992, ed. H. Bradford Westerfield, 344-356. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995. Also published as, "Squaring the Circle: Dealing with Intelligence-Policy Breakdowns." Intelligence and National Security 6, no. 1 (Jan. 1991): 141-153.

This article really should be titled, "Dealing with Intelligence Analyst-Policymaker Disconnects." The differences in the personality types of policymakers and analysts are certainly not "scientifically" proven, but they still appear to be quite real. If that is true, then, divergencies between the goal-needs of each group can be shown. The author offers some thoughts on bridging the gap.

[Analysis/Gen; GenPostwar/Issues/Policy][c]

Gardiner, Muriel. Code Name "Mary." New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1983. 1987. [pb]

From Publishers Weekly (via Amazon.com): "Born into a wealthy Chicago meat-packing family, Gardiner, a psychoanalyst and educator, here focuses on her years in Vienna after the Nazi Anschluss, when she aided Jews and others." Clark comment: There is some debate whether Gardiner, rather than Lillian Hellman, was the basis for "Julia" in Pentimento. See Lauren Black and Paul Mickle, "1977: Who Was the Real Heroine?" at http://www.capitalcentury.com/1977.html. See also, Isenberg, Muriel's War (2010); and Stephen Spender, "Was She Julia?" London Review of Books 5.12 (7 Jul. 1983).

[Women/WWII/Other; WWII/Eur/Resistance/Other]

Gardner, Frank. "The US Counter-Terror Nerve Centre." BBC, 5 Dec. 2006. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6210090.stm]

The reporter visits "one of America's newest and most secret establishments: the National Counterterrorism Center, the NCTC.... The data flow here is enormous: more than 6,000 reports come through every day from satellite, electronic and human intelligence sources.... It is here..., three times a day, every day, that America's specialists in counter-terrorism gather to share information."

[DNI/NCTC]

Gardner, Paul. Shared Hopes -- Separate Fears: Fifty Years of U.S.-Indonesian Relations. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1997.

Gardner, Warner W. "Les Renseignements Ultra au 6e Groupe d'Armées." Revue d'histoire de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale et des Conflits Contemporains 34 (Jan. 1984): 53-59. "Report on ULTRA Intelligence at Sixth Army Group." In American Commanders and the Use of Signal Intelligence, ed. Arthur L. Funk. Manhatten, KS: Military Affairs/Aerospace Historian Publishing, Sunflower University Press, 1984.

Sexton identifies Gardner as having served as an Ultra liaison officer with the 6th Army Group.

[WWII/Eur/Gen]

Gardner, W.J.R. Decoding History: The Battle of the Atlantic and Ultra. Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan, 1999. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2000.

For Kruh, Cryptologia 24.3, Gardner makes "an important contribution to naval history" by combining "rigorous analysis with a full understanding of all causes of the outcome." The result is "a thorough and rounded assessment of all factors and the relative role of Ultra in the victory."

McFarland, I&NS 15.3, sees "some repetition in the book"; in addition, "the author assumes that the reader has a fairly deep knowledge of battle details." Nonetheless, the work "adds a significant contribution to the historical studies that integrate intelligence and the military." Bates, NIPQ 16.3, finds this work "very technical and detailed appealing mainly to those with a systems analysis or operations research background.... I don't recommend it for general reading."

[WWII/Atlantic]

Gareau, Frederick H. State Terrorism and the United States: From Counterinsurgency to the War on Terrorism. Atlanta, GA: Clarity, 2004. London: Zed, 2004.

This is essentially an "it's all Washington's fault" rant.

[Terrorism/00s/Gen]

Garfield, Brian. The Meinertzhagen Mystery: The Life and Legend of a Colossal Fraud. Dulles, VA: Potomac Books, 2007.

According to Peake, Studies 51.2 (2007), the author discovered that many of the adventures described in Meinertzhagen's diaries "were fake or distorted -- including the Haversack Ruse. It was not, as he claimed, his idea, and he didn't drop the haversack. Nor was he wounded, and he was only a captain at the time.... Garfield's documentation is thorough and well corroborated.[footnote omitted] The charming, popular Meinertzhagen, roommate of Lawrence of Arabia in Paris, trusted friend of David Ben-Gurion, David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill, was a fraud."

See also, Peter Hathaway Capstick, Warrior: The Legend of Colonel Richard Meinertzhagen (New York: St. Martin's, 1997); and Mark Cocker, Richard Meinertzhagen: Soldier, Scientist and Spy (London: Secker & Warburg, 1989).

[WWI/UK/ME]

Gargus, John. The Son Tay Raid: American POWs in Vietnam Were Not Forgotten. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2007.

For Keiser, Proceedings 134.3 (Mar. 2008), the author "gives us a fascinating account of a top-secret operation that never got the credit it deserved." Stringer, Military Review (Sep.-Oct. 2008), calls this "a splendid and thorough account ... that goes well beyond previous works." The author, "an Air Force planner and lead navigator for the strike force, provides personal insight into the mission," but "avoids over-emphasizing his own participation by maintaining a historian's objectivity and detachment."

Pope, Air & Space Power Journal 23.4 (Winter 2009), says that the author "guides the reader through the intricacies and difficulties of planning a major raid deep in the heart of North Vietnam in near-complete secrecy.... Gargus adds volumes of new and previously unpublished information, charts, pictures, and intricate details of ground operations in and around the prison camp."

[Vietnam/SonTay]

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