Nicholas Dujmovic


Dujmovic, Nicholas. "Amnesia to Anamnesis: Commemoration of the Dead at CIA." Studies in Intelligence 52, no. 3 (Sep. 2008): 3-16. [Sidebar, "CIA's Failure of Memory: Daniel Dennett, the Forgotten First Star?": 9.]

"CIA came to commemoration late, but the Agency at last does a good job of it, probably as well as commemoration can be done, given the constraints."


Dujmovic, Nicholas. "Drastic Actions Short of War: The Origins and Application of CIA's Covert Paramilitary Function in the Early Cold War." Journal of Military History 76 (Jul. 2012): 775-808.

From "Abstract": "The thirty-month gap between the dissolution of CIA's wartime predecessor, the Office of Strategic Services, and the assignment of the paramilitary function to CIA in mid-1948, as well as other self-inflicted causes, may help explain why CIA's paramilitary activities in the 1950s never were as effective as policy makers and Agency operations officers expected."

Dujmovic concludes: "The history of CIA's early Cold War paramilitary activities suggests that a mandate and the will to conduct these operations are insufficient and that, without devoting the qualified manpower to them in an effective organization, perhaps it would be best after all to have the military take them on."

[CA/10s; CIA/50s/Gen]

Dujmovic, Nicholas. "Extraordinary Fidelity: Two CIA Prisoners in China, 1952–73." Studies in Intelligence 50, no. 4 (2006): 21-36.

Associated Press, "John Downey, Judge and Former POW, Dies at 84," 17 Nov. 2014. See also, Donald Gregg, "In Memoriam -- Jack Downey," Studies in Intelligence 58, no. 4 (Dec. 2014): vii-viii.

"Shot down over Communist China on their first operational mission in 1952, these young men [John T. Downey and Richard G. Fecteau] spent the next two decades imprisoned, often in solitary confinement, while their government officially denied they were CIA officers. Fecteau was released in 1971, Downey in 1973. They came home to an America vastly different from the place they had left, but both adjusted surprisingly well and continue to live full lives."

Ben Macintyre, "The Lost 20 Years of CIA Spies Caught in China Trap," Times (London), 21 Apr. 2007, picks up on the Downey and Fecteau story from Dujmovic's Studies article.

[CIA/50s/Gen; CIA/Components/DO]

Dujmovic, Nicholas. "Getting CIA History Right: The Informal Partnership Between Agency Historians and Outside Scholars." Intelligence and National Security 26, no. 2 & 3 (Apr.-Jun. 2011): 228-245.

The author contends that "the truth about CIA history is knowable even if every truth is not." He offers the argument that "CIA historians on the inside and outside intelligence scholars can together, but only together in [an] informal partnership, determine and make available for public knowledge true CIA history." Clark comment: Everyone wishing to write on the CIA should read this article before they begin.


Dujmovic, Nicholas. "Reagan, Intelligence, Casey, and the CIA: A Reappraisal." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 26, no. 1: 1-30.

And a reappraisal it is, with a particular emphasis on Reagan's interaction with intelligence matters: "According to the old narrative, Reagan simply could not have been the architect of anything positive that happened while he was President. But that perspective has changed forever and is marked by the continually improving regard historians have for Reagan.. The preponderance of direct and indirect evidence ... conclusively demonstrates that he was an engaged and appreciative 'First Customer' of intelligence who carefully read and used what he learned from intelligence products....

"Contrary to the conventional wisdom at the CIA, the Agency's fortunes and influence during the Reagan administration do not appear to have rested entirely or even mostly on a close personal relationship between the DCI and the President. Far more likely is that the CIA was influential because it served a President who understood intelligence and its importance, who appreciated how it would help him in policy decisions, and who appreciated the product the CIA provided."

[CIA/80s/Gen & DCIs/Casey]

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