Bob De Graaff


De Graaff, Bob. "Accessibility of Secret Service Archives in the Netherlands." Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 2 (Apr. 1997): 154-160.

De Graaff, Bob. "The Fight Against the New Fanaticism: A Losing Battle for the Western Intelligence Communities?" Journal of Intelligence History 3, no. 2 (Winter 2003). []

From abstract: "[N]owadays too much emphasis is being laid upon a military approach [to try to counter the phenomenon of 'modern fanaticism'], detracting from the use that can be made of intelligence and security services. However, these services are ill equipped to operate against the new fanatics. Often they still function according to principles dating from the Cold War."


De Graaff, Bob. "Hot Intelligence in the Tropics: Dutch Intelligence Operations in the Netherlands East Indies during the Second World War." Journal of Contemporary History 22, no. 4 (1987): 563-584. [Petersen]


De Graaff, Bob. "The Stranded Baron and the Upstart at the Crossroads: Wolfgang zu Putlitz and Otto John." Intelligence and National Security 6, no. 4 (Oct. 1991): 669-700.

Because of the absence of footnotes, it is difficult to tell whether this is a carefully constructed series of assumptions, presumptions, and guesses or a factually grounded piece of arcane research. At a minimum, the article is an interesting read about two very active individuals.

[Germany; WWII/Eur/Ger/Resistance][c]

De Graaff, Bob. "What Happened to the Central Personality Index?" Intelligence and National Security 7, no. 3 (Jul. 1992): 317-326.

Much of the credibility of this unfootnoted article is undermined by the author's closing speculation where he links up Guy Liddell, "ever more seen as a Russian mole in MI5," as "one of the godfathers" of the CPI. The central point made in the article is that the CPI preceded and formed the backbone of the later Central Register of War Criminals and Security Suspects (CROWCASS), which is given attention in Christopher Simpson's Blowback (1988).


De Graaff, Bob, and Cees Wiebes. "Intelligence and the Cold War behind the Dikes: The Relationship between the American and Dutch Intelligence Communities, 1946-1994." Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 1 (Jan. 1997): 41-58.

De Graaff, Bob, and Cees Wiebes. Villa Maarheeze: The Netherlands Foreign Intelligence Service. The Hague, Netherlands: Dutch Government Printing Office, 1998.

According to an E-mail from Cees Wiebes, this work "describes the history of the Netherlands Foreign Intelligence Service (Inlichtingendienst Buitenland, IDB) and its forerunner." The Service was established in 1946 and dissolved in 1994.


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