Clarke, Comer. The War Within. London: World Distributors, 1961.

Pforzheimer, Studies 6.2 (Spring 1962), identifies this as an "account of the Soviet espionage net headed by Gordon Lonsdale."


Clarke, Dudley. Seven Assignments. London: Jonathan Cape, 1948.

Constantinides comments that Clarke has been seen by some as a "pioneer and genius in deception in World War II.... For those expecting to learn more of Clarke's deception work, this book will be a disappointment. It ends at the moment he assumes staff duties in the Middle East." According to H.O. Dovey, I&NS 11.4/672-695, Clarke continued his story in the form of a diary that is now available in the Public Record Office. Dovey reviews Clarke's presentation of "A" Force's work from Cairo for 1941-1942. Since the "A" Force Narrative War Diary continues until 18 June 1945, additional uses of Clarke's story can be expected.


Clarke, Duncan F., and Edward L. Neveleff. "Secrecy, Foreign Intelligence, and Civil Liberties: Has the Pendulum Swung Too Far?" Political Science Quarterly 99, no. 3 (Fall 1984): 493-513.


[Clarke, John M.] "It's Budget Time...." CIRA Newsletter 20, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 15-18.

Edited version of letter sent to National Journal, dated 19 Oct. 1994. The writer states that the first Consolidated Intelligence Program Budget occurred under DCI Richard Helms, not later as Dan Murphy had stated in W. John Moore's National Journal article of 8 October 1994. Clarke was CIA Comptroller and later Associate Director for the U.S. Intelligence Community.


Clarke, Liam.

1. "The British Spy at Heart of IRA." Sunday Times (London), 8 Aug. 1999. []

"Britain's spy network in Northern Ireland finds that money talks. A senior IRA figure in the province is the army's top agent, earning up to £60,000 a year for vital information.... [A] former spymaster [using the pseudonym of "Martin Ingram"] ... reveals how the system works.... The former soldier says he decided to go public as a contribution to the understanding of the history of the Troubles which, he now believes, are largely over."

2. "MI5 'Operated Network of Garda Agents.'" Sunday Times (London), 8 Aug. 1999. []

MI5 "maintained a network of paid agents within the Garda Siochana and had a member of the Senate on its payroll," according to "Martin Ingram," a former military intelligence officer who chooses to remain anonymous in self-protection.

3. "Deadly Friends, Deadly Enemies." Sunday Times (London), 22 Aug. 1999. []

Again working with information from "Martin Ingram," Clarke this time tells the story of British spy Frank Hegarty killed in 1986 after his cover was blown in an Irish-British raid on arms caches he had helped arrange. Hegarty had worked, first, for British military intelligence and, later, for Field Research Unit. The lead to this story notes that "The Ministry of Defence tried to block this story so some facts have been withheld," thus setting up the follow-on story (below).

4. "Lifting Lid on Whitehall's Baffling Code of Secrecy." Sunday Times (London), 22 Aug. 1999. []

"[T]he Ministry of Defence and Treasury solicitor's office..., for the past fortnight, fought a rearguard action to gag The Sunday Times and prevent it from publishing the story of one military intelligence agent, Frank Hegarty.... In the end we agreed to submit this week's article [for review] in order to avoid a court battle that could have delayed further publication indefinitely."


Clarke, Richard A. "Targeting Terrorists." Wall Street Journal, 18 Jul. 2009. []

"Since well over 90% of the CIA's personnel are not engaged in covert action, but are doing the important work of intelligence collection and analysis, this [current] cycle of contentiousness suggests that perhaps covert action should be done by someone else. We need a professional intelligence gathering and analysis organization and it would be better if that agency were not tied to, prejudiced by, and often tainted with a connection to covert action.... [W]e should also take this opportunity to decide that covert operations should be done rarely, and then only by a special component of the military and perhaps by a small, separate, civilian agency under the joint supervision of a group of experienced administration and bi-partisan Congressional overseers."

[CA/00s; CIA/00s/Gen;Terrorism/00s]

Clarke, Richard A. Your Government Failed You: Breaking the Cycle of National Defense Disasters. New York: HarperCollins, 2008.

For Peake, Studies 52.4 (Dec. 2008) and Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), the author's "impressive 30-year career in government gives him a perspective that journalists and academics can never achieve and thus should be carefully considered." Clarke "clearly articulate[s] his view of the problems," and he "makes specific suggestions for correcting problems."

Brooks, NIPQ 25.2 (Apr. 2009), says that this book "presents a very negative picture of the national security and counter-terrorism workings of the government." It "is a recitation of failures with few examples of ... successes.... [The author] provides numerous recommendations for fixing the problems he cites.... While the reader might not concur with all of these recommendations, they are thought-provoking and worthy of serious contemplation."


Clarke, Richard A., and Robert K. Knake. Cyber War: The Next Threat to National Security and What to Do About It. New York: HarperCollins, 2010.

Peake, Studies 54.4 (Dec. 2010), and Intelligencer 18.2 (Winter-Spring 2011), finds that the authors "have attempted to alert the public to a potential doomsday scenario. But by not offering source notes, [they] leave the reader wondering whether the problem is as serious as they suggest."


Clarke, William F. "Bletchley Park 1941-1945." Cryptologia 12, no. 2 (Apr. 1988): 90-97.


Clarke, William F. "Government Code and Cypher School, Its Foundation and Development with Special Reference to Its Naval Side." Cryptologia 11, no. 4 (Oct. 1987): 219-226.

According to Sexton, the focus here is on the Naval Section of GC&CS during the 1920s-1930s.


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