William J. Broad

Broad, William J. "C.I.A. Is Sharing Data With Climate Scientists." New York Times, 5 Jan. 2010. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"The nation's top scientists and spies are collaborating on an effort to use the federal government's intelligence assets -- including spy satellites and other classified sensors -- to assess the hidden complexities of environmental change.... The monitoring program has little or no impact on regular intelligence gathering, federal officials said, but instead releases secret information already collected or takes advantage of opportunities to record environmental data when classified sensors are otherwise idle or passing over wilderness."

[CIA/2010s/2010; GenPostwar/NatSec/Environment]

Broad, William J. "Couple Accused of Passing Nuclear Arms Secrets." New York Times, 17 Sep. 2010. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 17 September 2010, physicist Pedro Leonardo Mascheroni and his wife, Marjorie Roxby Mascheroni, both of whom once worked at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, were arrested and "charged with a criminal conspiracy to help Venezuela build an atom bomb.... The arrests ... and a 22-count indictment came after a sting operation" by the FBI. "The government did not accuse the Venezuelan government, or anyone working for it, of seeking weapons secrets."

The indictment for the Mascheronis in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Mexico is available at: https://www.fas.org/irp/news/2010/09/masch-indict.pdf. See also, Associated Press, "Not-Guilty Pleas by Couple Accused of Passing Secrets to Venezuela," 20 Sep. 2010.

[SpyCases/Other/Mascheroni]

Broad, William J. "F.B.I. Disputes Theory of Atomic Bomb Plot." New York Times, 3 May 1995, A8 (N).

An FBI statement says that the Bureau has no evidence to support Sudoplatov's charges that the architects of the atom bomb spied for Moscow, and in fact has secret evidence to the contrary. The FBI's conclusion was made public on 1 May 1995 by PFIAB Chairman Les Aspin. FBI Director Louis J. Freeh wrote Aspin that "the bureau 'is not in possession of any credible evidence that would suggest that Niels Bohr, Enrico Fermi, Robert Oppenheimer, or Leo Szilard engaged in any espionage activity on behalf of any foreign power....' To the contrary, Mr Freeh added, 'the F.B.I. has classified information available that argues against the conclusions reached by the author of "Special Tasks." The F.B.I., therefore, considers such allegations to be unfounded.'"

Jerrold Schecter, a co-author of Sudoplatov's book, "is continuing to amass documents to try to back up the charges of atomic treason and criticized the F.B.I. [on 2 May 1995]. He said that he had requested the bureau's files before the book was published ... and was upset that after 50 years only the F.B.I.'s conclusions were being made public."

[SpyCases/U.S./Bomb/Sudoplatov]

Broad, William J. "Los Alamos Scientist's Book Creates a New Controversy." New York Times, 5 Aug. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Wen Ho Lee ... may be on a collision course with the government over whether he has violated security rules in the handling of his forthcoming autobiography."

[SpyCases/U.S./China/Lee]

Broad, William J. "New Books Revive Old Talk of Spies." New York Times, 11 May 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

This article focuses on comments from authors of works dealing with the Soviet atomic spying effort, including Jerrold L. Schecter, Robert Louis Benson, Gregg Herken, Pavel Sudoplatov, Joseph Albright and Marcia Kunstel, John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr, Allen Weinstein and Alexander Vassiliev, and Jeremy J. Stone.

[SpyCases/U.S./Atomic/Gen]

Broad, William J. "Official Asserts Spy Case Suspect Was a Bias Victim." New York Times, 18 Aug. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

This article focuses on remarks from Robert S. Vrooman, first made to the Washington Post (see Loeb, 17 August 1999).

[SpyCases/U.S./China/Lee]

Broad, William J. "Official Denies Spy Suspect Was Victim of Bias." New York Times, 19 Aug. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Notra Trulock, the top intelligence officer at the Energy Department, "strongly denied [on 18 August 1999] that racism was involved in his department's years-long investigation of ... Wen Ho Lee." According to Trulock, "[h]is department sent the names of about a dozen suspects to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, only three of which were Chinese-Americans and the rest Caucasians."

[SpyCases/U.S./China/Lee]

Broad, William J.

1. "Science Seeking Military's Data from Cold War." New York Times, 23 Jun. 1992, A1, B11.

On 28 May 1992, President Bush "signed a directive that cleared the way for environmentalists to use the nation's spy gear and records." Intelligence collection "platforms" which might provide information in monitoring the global environment include satellites, aircraft, ships, and submarines.

2. "Spy Satellites' Early Role Coming Clear." New York Times, 12 Sep. 1995, B5, B10.

Replays some of the recent Corona revelations, with large photographs to illustrate.

3. "U.S. Will Deploy Its Spy Satellites on Nature Mission." New York Times, 27 Nov. 1995, A1, A14 (N).

A new program "is directing spy satellites to study about two dozen ecologically sensitive sites around the world. Ultimately, it is to monitor about 500 sites.... The data will be archived for future generations of scientists and will remain secret for now to conceal the abilities of the nation's reconnaissance systems." Scientists involved in the project note that "spy satellites are better than civilian remote-sensing craft, like Landsat or Spot, which orbit the earth for the United States and France respectively.... For the fiscal year 1996, the Administration requested $17.6 million for the environmental work, and appropriations conferees allotted $15 million."

[GenPostwar/Issues/S&T; GenPostwar/NatSec/Env; Recon/Sats][c]

Broad, William J. "A Spy’s Path: Iowa to A-Bomb to Kremlin Honor." New York Times, 12 Nov. 2007. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 2 November 2007, the Russian government announced that President Putin had posthumously awarded George Koval, "a Soviet agent who penetrated the Manhattan Project," the title of "Hero of the Russian Federation, the highest honorary title that can be bestowed on a Russian citizen." Koval "died in his 90s last year in Moscow," but his name "is just coming to light publicly." Historians say that Koval "was probably one of the most important spies of the 20th century." He was a "mole groomed in the Soviet Union" by the GRU, the military intelligence agency. "Washington has known about Dr. Koval’s spying since he fled the United States shortly after the war but kept it secret."

[SpyCases/U.S./Bomb/Koval]

Broad, William J. "U.S. Navy's Attack Subs to Be Lent for Study of Arctic Icecap." New York Times, 21 Feb. 1995, C1, C7.

[GenPostwar/NatSec/Env]

Broad, William J., and David E. Sanger. "In Nuclear Net's Undoing, a Web of Shadowy Deals." New York Times, 25 Aug. 2008. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Swiss engineers, Friedrich Tinner and his two sons, have been accused of working with Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, "the Pakistani bomb pioneer-turned-nuclear black marketeer." However, interviews with current and former Bush administration officials point to "a clandestine relationship between the Tinners and the C.I.A." Several of these officials say that CIA operatives "paid the Tinners as much as $10 million" to supply "a flow of secret information that helped end Libya's bomb program, reveal Iran's atomic labors and, ultimately, undo Dr. Khan's nuclear black market."

[CIA/00s/08; OtherCountries/Pakistan & Switzerland]

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