Bk - Blac

Blachman, Morris J. "The Stupidity of Intelligence." In Readings in American Foreign Policy: A Bureaucratic Perspective, eds. Morton H. Halperin and Arnold Kanter, 328-334. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.

Petersen: "Critical view of reporting on bombing results."

[GenPostwar/Issues/Policy]

Black, Alistair and Rodney M. Brunt. "Information Management in MI5 Before the Age of the Computer." In Covert and Overt: Recollecting and Connecting Intelligence Service and Information Science, eds. Robert Virgil Williams and Ben-Ami Lipetz, 71-81. Medford, NJ: Information Today, 2005. And in Intelligence and National Security 16, no. 2 (2001): 158-165.

[UK/Overviews/00s]

Black, Bruce A. [RADM/USNR] "Reserve Intelligence Comes of Age." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 10, no. 1 (Winter 1994): 3-5.

[MI/Navy/90s & Reserves][c]

Black, Eben. "MI5 Under Fire on 'Granny Spy.'" Sunday Times (London), 9 Apr. 2000. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]

The parliamentary security and intelligence committee, which oversees the British security services, "has criticised MI5 for taking a unilateral decision not to prosecute Melita Norwood."

[UK/SpyCases/Fever]

Black, Edwin F. "Laos: A Case Study." Military Review 44, no. 12 (1964): 49-59. [Petersen]

[CIA/Laos]

Black, Gregory D., and Clayton R. Koppes. "OWI Goes to the Movies: The Bureau of Intelligence's Criticism of Hollywood, 1942-1943." Prologue 6 (1974): 44-59. [Winkler]

[WWII/Psywar]

Black, Ian. "Britain Accused of Aiding Industrial Espionage by US." The Guardian, 31 Mar. 2000. [http://www.newsunlimited.co.uk]

"Britain came under unprecedented pressure from its European partners [on 30 March 2000] to reveal the extent of its involvement in a US-led spying network said to be used for industrial espionage."

[NSA/Echelon/00]

Black, Ian. "Britain Warns EU to Drop Spying Debate Over Echelon." The Guardian, 8 Apr. 2000. [http://www.newsunlimited.co.uk]

"Britain is trying to stifle a European Union debate about its involvement in a US-led economic espionage network by warning its partners that their own secrets could be exposed."

[NSA/Echelon/00]

Black, Ian. "Review Article: The Origins of Israeli Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 2, no. 4 (Oct. 1987): 151-156.

"Several recent Hebrew works ... have shed considerable light on how, by the final days of British rule in Palestine (1917-48) the legal and underground institutions of the Jewish Yishuv (community) had developed an impressive capacity for military and political intelligence, propaganda and special operations both in Palestine itself and, to a lesser extent, the neighboring Arab states." The author covers Hebrew-language works by Ezra Danin, Yoav Gelber, Zvika Dror, and Yitzhak Levy.

[Israel/Ref&Hist]

Black, Ian, and Benny Morris. Israel's Secret Wars: A History of Israel's Intelligence Services. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1991. New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1991. New York: Grove Press, 1992. [pb]

Black, Jeremy.

1. "British Intelligence and the Mid-Eighteenth Century Crisis." Intelligence and National Security 2, no. 2 (Apr. 1987): 209-229.

The author's goal is "to place British intelligence activities in the context of British foreign policy in the period and to indicate important areas of activity that require more attention." He looks at postal interception operations, overseas espionage, and the use of information from friendly diplomats, and concludes that "it is clear that Britain used the full range of available methods for the obtaining of information."

2. "Eighteenth-Century Intercepted Despatches." Journal of the Society of Archivists 11 (1990): 138-143.

3. "Intelligence and the Emergence of the Information Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain." In The History of Information Security: A Comprehensive Handbook, eds. Karl de Leeuw and J.A. Bergstra. 369-380. Amsterdam and London: Elsevier, 2007.

[UK/Historical]

Blackledge, Brett J. "CIA Officials Deny Fake Iraq-al-Qaida Link Letter." Associated Press, 5 Aug. 2008. [http://www.ap.org]

"Two former CIA officers [on 5 August 2008] denied that they or the [CIA] faked an Iraqi intelligence document purporting to link Saddam Hussein with 9/11 bomber Mohammed Atta, as they are quoted as saying" in Ron Suskind's The Way of the World. The denials came from Robert Richer, former deputy director of operations, and John Maguire, head of the Iraq Operations Group in the fall of 2003.

White House deputy press secretary Tony Fratto commented, "The notion that the White House directed anyone to forge a letter from Habbush [Tahir Jalil Habbush al-Tikriti, Saddam's director of intelligence] to Saddam Hussein is absurd." Former DCI George Tenet "also denied CIA involvement in the supposedly fake letter," and added, "It is well established that ... CIA resisted efforts by some in the administration to paint a picture of Iraqi-al-Qaida connections that went beyond the evidence." See also Joby Warrick, "White House Denies Author's Accusations of Document Forgery," Washington Post, 6 Aug. 2008, A2.

[CIA/00s/08; MI/Ops/Iraq/08]

Blackman, Ann. Wild Rose: The True Story of a Civil War Spy. New York: Random House, 2005.

A Publisher's Weekly reviewer (via Amazon.com) calls this an "excellent biography of Confederate spy Rose O'Neal Greenhow (1817–1864).... This literate and thoroughly researched biography does Greenhow justice." This appraisal is echoed by Levin, Civil War Book Review [http://www.cwbr.com], who sees "a lively and engaging study" with a "highly readable narrative."

Peake, Studies 50.1 (Mar. 2006), says that the author "gives a thoroughly documented biography of this widowed mother and outspoken Washington socialite who ... spied for the Confederacy.... An appendix, 'Assessing Rose's Spycraft,' presents a good summary of that historically contentious subject. Wild Rose is not only a pleasure to read, it is a valuable contribution to the literature of Civil War intelligence."

[CivWar/Conf/Women]

Blackstock, Nelson. COINTELPRO: The FBI's Secret War on Political Freedom. New York: Vintage, 1975.

Blackstock, Paul W.

Blackwell, Stephen. "Britain, the United States and the Syrian Crisis, 1957." Diplomacy and Statecraft 11, no. 3 (2000): 139-158.

[CA/ME/Syria]

Blackwood, Gary. Mysterious Messages: A History of Codes and Ciphers. New York: Dutton Children's Books, 2009.

Christensen, Cryptologia 34.3 (Jul. 2010), says that the stories of "early cryptology are told briefly and well, but there are errors in the descriptions of cryptology from World War I until today."

[Cryptography/Gen]

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