Berl - Berz

Berlin, Don L. "Why Intelligence Estimates Won't Mislead Us Anymore." Defense Intelligence Journal 3, no. 2 (Fall 1994): 21-35.

Department of Defense Futures Intelligence Program (DoDFIP), approved by D/DIA, 18 Oct. 1993. The article's title certainly does not tell the full story.


Berliner Morgenpost International. "The Stasi Sat Right Up Front: Photos of the Munich Olympics Massacre Found in the Files of the Gauck Agency." 15 Nov. 1997. [Tr., Stephen Krug.]

"Even at the Olympics massacre in Munich in 1972, East German spies sat right up front. The Berlin agency responsible for the Stasi files reports that this knowledge has been filtered out of the shredded documents of the former East German Ministry for State Security.... According to the agency's recently presented third progress report, 273,000 pages have been reconstructed so far out of 15,250 sacks of paper shreds. That corresponds to only 40 to 50 sacks.... Information on Stasi-minister Erich Mielke's knowledge at the time about the bloodbath perpetrated by Palestinian terrorists is not yet included in the report.... Among the reconstructed files were needle-sharp photographs taken at close range of the attack on Israel's Olympic team."

[Germany/PostCW/Stasi Files]

Berman, Jerry J. "FBI Charter Legislation: The Case for Prohibiting Domestic Intelligence Investigations." University of Detroit Journal of Urban Law 55 (Summer 1978): 1041-1078. [Petersen]


Berman, Jerry J. "Political Surveillance in the Reagan Years." First Principles 10, no. 4 (1985): 1-3. [Petersen]


Berman, Jerry J., and Morton H. Halperin, eds. The Abuses of Intelligence Agencies. Washington, DC: Center for National Security Studies, 1975. [Petersen]


Berman, Larry. Perfect Spy: The Incredible Double Life of Pham Xuan An, Time Magazine Reporter and Vietnamese Communist Agent. New York: Collins, 2007.

According to Hampson, AFIO WIN 13-07 (2 Apr. 2007), "the North Vietnamese Communist Party sen[t] Pham Xuan An to California [in 1957] to study journalism." He later worked at the Sacramento Bee, traveled the United States, and returned to South Vietnam as a reporter for Reuters and Time. An was a North Vietnamese agent, "feeding Hanoi with valuable information, some of it classified."

Pribbenow, Washington DeCoded (11 Aug. 2007) and Intelligencer 15.3 (Summer-Fall 2007), says that this "fascinating new book" makes "a formidable contribution to untangling the twisted skeins of truth and lies that made up the life, and the myth, of a man whom the Vietnamese Communists now proclaim as their most important and productive spy during the Vietnam War's American phase." Nevertheless, "[d]espite the author’s conscientious efforts ... much about Pham Xuan An's life still remains shrouded in mystery."

For Peake, Studies 51.4 (2007), the author "tells a remarkable story based on access" to An's "diaries and hours of interviews with An and those that knew him.... Berman has given us a sympathetic but engrossing biography that also says a great deal about North Vietnamese and American intelligence. It is very worth reading." Willbanks, Military Review (May-Jun. 2008), sees the author using "his remarkable access to An to produce a highly readable account of an enigmatic figure who had a significant impact on the outcome of the war in Southeast Asia."

See also, Thomas A. Bass, The Spy Who Loved Us (2009).


Berman, Paul. Terror and Liberalism. New York: Norton, 2003.

According to Singer, Parameters 34.2, most of the author's "argument takes place on the theoretical plane." He argues that the totalitarian ideologies of the past "have been planted in fertile ground in the Middle East.... [L]ike Fascism, the ideology of al Qaeda and radical Islam is driven by a fear and hate of liberal ideals of tolerance." Berman offers an interesting point of view, but he "attempts to cover too much ground with little grounding and offers too few tangible solutions."


Berman, Robert P., and John C. Baker. Soviet Strategic Forces: Requirements and Responses. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1982.

[Analysis/Sov; Russia/MI]

Bermudez, Joseph S., Jr.

Berndorff, H.R. Spionage! [Espionage]. 31st ed. Stuttgart: Dieck, 1929. Tr., Bernard Miall. Espionage. London: Eveleigh Nash, 1930. New York: Appleton, 1930.

H. Roewer: "A sampler of espionage stories, mostly untrue."



Berntsen, Gary. Human Intelligence, Counterterrorism, and National Leadership: A Practical Guide. Dulles, VA: Potomac, 2008.

Masten, Military Review (Mar.-Apr. 2009), says that "Berntsen's work fails to achieve" its goal of serving as a guide for incoming presidents and White House staffs so they may master human intelligence and counterterrorism operations. The book is "an opinion piece more than a serious critique of the current situation. It provides the reader only a biased, cursory look at HUMINT and counterterrorism." In addition, the author oversimplifies "major global issues regarding terrorism and narcotrafficking," and proposes "shortsighted solutions." The reviewer concludes that this work "lacks objectivity, has been poorly researched, and suffers from glaring omissions."

Another view is provided by Dowling, AIJ 27.1 (Fall 2009), who finds that "this brief book is a good introduction to a wide range of problems likely to remain critical for years to come. Even when one disagrees with the author's arguments, their clarity and balance deserve careful consideration."


Berntsen, Gary, and Ralph Pezzullo. Jawbreaker: The Attack on Bin Laden and Al Qaeda: A Personal Account by the CIA's Key Field Commander. New York: Crown, 2005.

Click for reviews.

Berridge, G.R. "The Ethnic 'Agent in Place': English-Speaking Civil Servants and Nationalist South Africa, 1948-57." Intelligence and National Security 4, no. 2 (Apr. 1989): 257-267.


Berry, A.G. "The Beginnings of the Office of Naval Intelligence." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 63, no. 1 (Jan. 1937): 102-103. [Petersen]


Berry, Jessica. "Norway and Russia Expel Envoys in Row over Nuclear Spying." Telegraph (London), 22 Mar. 1998. []

Norway "expelled two Russian diplomats on espionage charges last week and declared three others persona non grata. Russia retaliated, expelling two Norwegians from their embassies in Moscow and Murmansk." The Russians were accused of attempting to recruit Norwegian government employees "to steal environmental secrets about Russian dumping of defunct nuclear submarines."

[OtherCountries/Norway; Russia/After89]

Berry, Scott. Monks, Spies and a Soldier of Fortune: The Japanese in Tibet. New York: St. Martin's, 1995.

Surveillant 4.2 says that Berry follows the exploration of Tibet from 1937 to 1950 by two Japanese travelers. Was one of them a Japanese spy? See Hiseo Kimura, as told to Scott Berry, Japanese Agent in Tibet: My Ten Years of Travel in Disguise (London: Serindia Publications, 1990).


Bert, Wayne. The Reluctant Superpower: United States Policy in Bosnia, 1991-1995. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1997.

From publisher: "This book examines the nature of the war in the former Yugoslavia, US interests there and US perceptions of the conflict. The policies of the Bush and Clinton administrations toward the war and the factors discouraging US intervention are examined and evaluated in the context of a post-Cold War international system."


Berton, Pierre. The Invasion of Canada. Vol. I. 1812-1813. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.


Bertrand, Gustave. ENIGMA ou la plus grande énigma de la guerre, 1939-1945. Paris: Librairie Plon, 1973.

Polmar and Allen describe Bertrand as the "[l]eading French cryptologist of the World War II era," whose efforts helped to break the German ciphers. After the war, he rose to the rank of general in the French intelligence services. Constantinides sees Bertrand's book as "one of the most important works ... on the history of Allied cryptologic successes against Enigma.... [T]he latest evidence ... supports the author's story." Bertrand gives "the Poles the main credit for the early successes against the Enigma machine,... [and] also credits the aid provided by French intelligence." To Sexton, these memoirs are "somewhat self-serving but generally accurate."

[UK/WWII/Ultra; WWII/Eur/Fr/Gen]

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