Ben - Bene

Ben-Ami, Yitshaq. Years of Wrath, Days of Glory: Memoirs of the Irgun. New York: Speller, 1982.

[Israel]

Benbow, Mark E. "All the Brains I Can Borrow: Woodrow Wilson and Intelligence Gathering in Mexico, 1913-15." Studies in Intelligence 51, no. 4 (2007): 1-12.

"Wilson's efforts to cobble together information about Mexico's revolution illustrate some of the difficulties presidents faced when gathering intelligence before a more formal intelligence-gathering structure was established."

[Historical/U.S./Pre-WWI]

Benda, Susan. "Violations of Law in the Covert War Against Nicaragua." First Principles 12, no. 2 (1987): 7-9. [Petersen]

[CIA/80s/Nic; Overviews/Legal]

Bendeck, Whitney T. A Force: The Origins of British Deception during the Second World War. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Preess, 2013.

Peake, Studies 58.3 (Sep. 2014), concludes that Bendeck "covers the same topics as other authors have and adds little to their record." Nevertheless, this is "a concise but thorough treatment of an important topic."

[UK/WWII/NAf; WWII/Eur/Deception]

Bender, Bryan. "DIA Expresses Concern over Cuban Intelligence Activity." Jane's Defence Weekly, 13 May 1998, 7.

[LA/Cuba]

Bender, Bryan. "Space Mission Aims To Fill Critical DoD Mapping Shortfalls." Jane's Defence Weekly, 8 Sep. 1999.

The upcoming Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavor "aims to create a topographical database which the Department of Defense (DoD) believes is critical for carrying out US military operations successfully." The mission is a joint DoD-NASA effort. "It will develop a 'mosaic' of 80% of the Earth's land surface -- between 60 north and 56 south latitude -- at a resolution of 30m."

[Recon/Sats]

Bender, Margaret. Foreign at Home and Away:  Foreign-Born Wives in the U.S. Foreign Service.  Lincoln, NE:  Writers Club Press, 2002. 

Peake, Studies 47.2 (2003), finds that the author "interviewed 40 women from 28 countries and she tells their stories with eloquence.... In a chapter titled 'CIA Wives:  To Love, Honor, and Take the Polygraph,' Bender tells how many wives react to the revelation that marriage to their fiancé ... requires a background investigation and a session on the box.  The rules for foreign-born CIA wives are special and Bender discusses many of them, some of the foul-ups that occur, and the various support services available."

[Women/CW & Gen]

Benedick, Richard. "Environmental Diplomacy and the U.S. National Interest." Congressional Program 15, no.2 (2000): 23-32.

[GenPostwar/NatSec/Environment]

Benenson, Bob. "Budget Secrecy Openly Debated as House OKs Spending Bill." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 23 Jul. 1994, 2061.

On 20 July 1994, the House passed the fiscal 1995 intelligence authorization bill, while voting down yet another effort to make the bottomline figure public. Intelligence Committee Chairman Glickman described the "spending total as essentially a freeze at the level of the fiscal 1994 authorization, 1.7 percent less than the fiscal 1994 appropriation and 2.1 percent less than Clinton's budget request."

[GenPostwar/Budgets/95][c]

Benenson, Bob. "Committee Spares Budget Knife Despite Anger Over Spy Case." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 30 Apr. 1994, 1082.

Some lawmakers have criticized the CIA's handling of the Ames spy scandal, "but they do not appear to be taking out their irritation on the intelligence community's budget." On 26 April 1994, the Senate Intelligence Committee approved a fiscal 1995 intelligence authorization amount about the same as in FY 1994. The committee reduced President Clinton's request "by about 1 percent and defeated two amendments to increase the intelligence budget."

[GenPostwar/Budgets/95][c]

Benenson, Bob. "Panel Approves Closer Scrutiny of Spy Agency Employees." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 21 May 1994, 1329.

On 17 May 1994, the House Intelligence Committee approved the fiscal 1995 intelligence authorization bill. The aggregate funding level is apparently the same as in fiscal 1994, approximately $28 billion. Among other provisions, the bill would "increase federal investigators' access to the financial records of potential espionage suspects by waiving privacy law protections for many intelligence community employees."

[GenPostwar/Budgets][c]

Benenson, Bob. "Senate Bill Gives FBI Power in Counterespionage Cases." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 13 Aug. 1994, 2370.

On 12 August 1994, the Senate passed a fiscal 1995 intelligence authorization bill. SSCI Chairman Dennis DeConcini "told the Senate that the bill authorizes $300 million less than President Clinton had requested." Over President Clinton's opposition, the bill includes a provision that "would require that the FBI take the lead on all counterespionage probes. The FBI would have to be notified and given access to the employees and records of an agency when that agency determines that classified information is being, or may have been, deliberately disclosed to a foreign entity." The bill also requires establishment of a presidential commission "to examine the roles and missions of the intelligence agencies in the post-Cold War era."

Clark comment: And thus did the CIA lose the authority to investigate its own CI cases in the wake of the Ames debacle. The FBI chuckled all the way to the Hanssen case.

[GenPostwar/Budgets/95; CI/90s][c]

Benenson, Bob. "Senators Allege Skullduggery in Spies' Building Project." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 13 Aug. 1994, 2369.

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