Bea - Beat

Beach, Edward L. [CAPT/USN (Ret.)]

Beach (1918-2002) is perhaps best known as the author of the novel Run Silent, Run Deep.

1. Scapegoats: A Defense of Kimmel and Short at Pearl Harbor. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1995.

"Membership News," Proceedings 121.3 (Mar. 1995), calls Scapegoats an "impassioned but carefully reasoned plea for posthumous justice for the two military commanders blamed for the debacle at Pearl Harbor.... Beach argues that political and military expediency led to the[ir] firing." See also, Beach's letter, "Comment and Discussion," Proceedings 121.4 (Apr. 1995), 27-28.

Bates, NIPQ 11.3, comments that while Beach "presents no new evidence here ... [t]he case for rehabilitation is well presented.... There are two issues in the book which are overplayed.... First is the strong vilification of RADM Richmond Kelly Turner.... [T]o rehabilitate one actor does not require the posthumous declaration of dereliction by another.... The second is the speculation (pages 102 to 109) as to what might have happened had the Japanese attack not been so successful. While interesting, this does nothing for the case in favor of rehabilitation.... [Beach] does not subscribe to the revisionist theory ... that Roosevelt was fully aware of the Japanese armada approaching Pearl Harbor and purposely withheld that information ... so that the attack would take place and galvanize the nation in support of our entry into the war."

For Kruh, Cryptologia 19.4, "[w]hether or not you agree with Captain Beach, his examination of the juxtaposition of politics and war[] and his penetrating interpretation of events and the motivations of key personalities will fascinate everyone."

2. "Who's to Blame." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 117, no. 12 (Dec. 1991), 32-40.

Sexton finds this to be a "[t]endentious article" that includes "several erroneous assumptions relative to the content and character of MAGIC intercepts. Should be used with caution."


Beach, Jim. "De L'art de la reconnaissance au Livre jaune: le renseignement militaire britannique, 1902-1915." Guerres Mondiales et Conflits Contemporains 55, no. 232 (2008): 105-127


Beach, Jim. "British Intelligence and German Tanks, 1916-1918." War in History 14, no. 4 (2007): 454-475.


Beach, Jim. "'Intelligent Civilians in Uniform': The British Expeditionary Force's Intelligence Corps Officers, 1914–1918." War & Society 27, no. 1 (2008): 1-22.


Beach, Jim. "Origins of the Special Intelligence Relationship? Anglo-American Intelligence Co-operation on the Western Front, 1917-18." Intelligence and National Security 22, no. 2 (Apr. 2007): 229-249.

The author suggests that the World War I "interaction between the intelligence staffs of the British and American Expeditionary Forces was a significant precursor to the emergence of the later relationship."

[WWI/UK; WWI/U.S.; WWII/Magic/Cooperation]

Beach, Moses S.

1. "Origins of the Treaty of Guadelupe-Hidalgo." Scribner's Monthly 17 (Nov. 1878): 299-300.

2. "A Secret Mission to Mexico." Scribner's Monthly 18 (May 1879): 136-140.

Petersen: "[F]irst-hand accounts of his secret mission."


Beachley, David R. "Soviet Radio Electronic Combat in World War II." Military Review 61 (Mar. 1981): 61-66.

Sexton: "A survey of the development and employment of Comint and radio countermeasures by the Red Army in World War II."


Beal, Richard B., Jr. "Sifting Through History's Records Brings the OSS Into the Daylight." Army, Jan. 1996, 14.

The focus here is on the OSS' intelligence gathering activities.


Beall, John Y., defendant. Trial of John Y. Beall, as a Spy and Guerrilla, by Military Commission. New York: Appleton, 1865. [ refBibs/intell/civwar.htm]


Beam, John C. "The Intelligence Background of Operation TORCH." Parameters 13 (Dec. 1983): 60-68. [Petersen]


Bean, Hamilton. "The DNI’s Open Source Center: An Organizational Communication Perspective." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 2 (Summer 2007): 240–257.

"A focus on competing definitions and assumptions about OSINT reveals that the OSC, intended to implement the recommendations of the WMD Commission, does little to resolve important underlying issues in the OSINT debate. The OSC represents a negotiation, a first step at translating competing positions into tangible structures and action."

In "Reader's Forum," Robert David Steele, "The Open Source Program: Missing in Action," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 21, no. 3 (Fall 2008): 609-619, praises, criticizes, and expands on Bean's discussion. Steele's discussion can profitably be read as a stand-alone item. It is available as a PDF file at:


Bean, Hamilton. No More Secrets: Open Source Information and the Reshaping of U.S. Intelligence. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Praeger Secrurity International, 2011.

Aftergood, Secrecy News, 24 Aug. 2011, says this "is an exceptionally stimulating" academic work "that brings the theoretical principles of organization management and communications theory to bear on intelligence policy in original and insightful ways."

For Steele,, 24 Jul. 2011, this "pioneering work ... not only explains the true worth of open source intelligence, but also illuminates the institutional bias against it and the pathologies of a culture of secrecy." He "strongly recommend[s] the book to both professionals and to faculty seeking a provocative book for students." Steele, IJI&C 25.3 (Fall 2012), adds that "this book and its author have integrity."

To Olcott, Studies 56.1 (Mar. 2012), this book does not "deliver[] on what is promised" in its title. The author "neither examines what 'open source information' might mean in relationship to intelligence, nor does he explain what he means by 'No More Secrets.' ... In the end, this reviewer is left puzzled, though definitely intrigued. Are Bean's long paragraphs and jargon-filled prose simply a product of academic turgidity, or has he contrived to conceal a sly but ultimately quite damning argument about the place of OSINT in the IC?"

[OpenSource/From10; DNI/OSC/07-12]

Bean, Hamilton. "Organizational Culture and US Intelligence Affairs." Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 4 (Aug. 2009): 479-498.

"[D]efining post-9/11 intelligence reform as a 'cultural' problem reifies culture, leading to top-down prescriptions for 'strengthening,' 'unifying,' or 'transforming culture -- the ultimate benefits and consequences of which are still not well understood by scholars."


Bean, Hamilton. "The Paradox of Open Source: An Interview with Douglas Naquin." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 27, no. 1 (Spring 2014): 42–57.

The author's "paradox" is that created "when speakers attempt to fuse the concepts of secrecy and openness." In this article, Bean wraps his discussion of open source around comments made by the now-retired first director of the OSC. The result is as much Bean as Naquin, despite the article's title.


Bean, Harold G. Diplomats and Terrorists II. Overseas Security: Our People Are the Key. Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Georgetown University, 1987.


Beans, James D. "Marine Corps Counterintelligence 1990-2000." American Intelligence Journal 10, no. 2 (1989): 47-50.

[MI/CI & Marines]

Beans, James D. "Marine Corps Intelligence in Low Intensity Conflicts." Signal 43 (Mar. 1989): 27-30. [Petersen]


Beard, Barrett T. [LTCDR/USCG (Ret.)] "The Oilcan that Started a War." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly.

Clark comment: Reference here is to an event of 19 September 1964. This is separate from the events of 2 and 4 August 1964.

1. "Part One: Secrets." 24, no. 1 (Jan. 2008).

"Our rules of engagement at that time were ill defined. Our mission was simply to protect our, then defenseless, aircraft carriers by stopping threatening torpedo boats coming out of North Vietnam."


Beard, Charles. President Roosevelt and the Coming of the War, 1941: A Study of Appearances and Reality. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1948.


Beard, Tom, ed. The Coast Guard. Westport, CT: Hugh Lauter Levin, 2004.

Webster, Proceedings 131.3 (Mar. 2005), notes that The Coast Guard chronicles "the service's storied 215-year history as a humanitarian and military service." This work does "a masterful job of navigating the diversity of the service's myriad missions."


Bearden, Milt.

Bearse, Ray, and Anthony Read. Conspirator: The Untold Story of Tyler Kent. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1991. [pb] Read, Anthony, and Ray Bearse. The Conspirator: The Untold Story of Churchill, Roosevelt, and Tyler Kent, Spy. London: Macmillan, 1992.


Beasley, Norman. "The Capture of the German Rocket Secrets." American Legion Magazine, Oct. 1963. [Petersen]


Return to B Table of Contents

Return to Alphabetical Table of Contents