Akers, Tyler. "Taking Joint Intelligence Operations to the Next Level." Joint Force Quarterly 47 (4th Quarter, 2007): 69-71.
Akhmedov, Ismail. In and Out of Stalin's GRU: A Tatar's Escape from Red Army Intelligence. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1984.
Clark comment: Akhmedov defected from the GRU in Turkey in 1942 and came to the United States in 1953. Pforzheimer notes that, among other stories, Akhmedov "tells of his lengthy 1948 debriefing by Kim Philby." For Milivojevi, I&NS 1.2, this work is "of great historical importance" because of its account of early GRU history. Akhmedov joined the GRU in 1930 and survived the decimation of the Soviet military by the NKVD in the purges of the late 1930s. He argues that intelligence with regard to Barbarossa was so good that the actual date of the attack was known, but Stalin chose to ignore the warning. Rocca and Dziak call In and Out of Stalin's GRU an "important memoir."
[Russia/DefectorLiterature & Interwar]
Alavi, Atossa M. "The Government Against Two: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg's Trial." Case Western Reserve Law Review 53 (2003): 1057-1090.
Albanese, David J. [CAPT/USA] "Research Pathfinder & Bibliography: William J. Donovan & the OSS." At http://www.marthalakecov.org/~whitet/ossbib.htm.
Albarelli, H.P., Jr. A Terrible Mistake: The Murder of Frank Olson and the CIA's Secret Cold War Experiments. Walterville, OR: Trine Day LLC, 2009.
Peake, Studies 54.1 (Mar. 2010), notes that the author argues "Olson was murdered by two CIA employees to keep him from revealing secrets." The reviewer's conclusion: "Those who demand documentation for such serious charges will discover that investing time to find it in Albarelli's narrative would be a terrible mistake."
Albats, Yevgenia. Tr., Catherine A. Fitzpatrick. The State Within a State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia -- Past Present, and Future. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1994. London: I.B. Tauris, 1995.
Gordievsky, I&NS 11.3, views Albats as "the best independent expert on the KGB in Russia," and calls this book "the best and most competent investigation about the KGB and its transformation over the last 4-5 years." Surveillant 3.6 comments that the author "claims that the KGB engineered perestroika and repositioned itself at the top." Mathers, I&NS 13.2, calls State Within a State "a powerful and emotive book"; it is "based primarily on the author's extensive interviews with KGB employees and their victims."
According to Warren, CIRA Newsletter 20.1, "Albats uses her access to the wealth of released documents following glasnost, interviews with newly accessible KGB officers and newly accessible victims of previous KGB actions, and solid reportorial techniques to document that the KGB has not only survived but prospered under democracy." Albats concludes that "the KGB still lives" and is "regaining its lost positions" and "reclaiming the role of behind-the-scenes orchestrator."
Valcourt, IJI&C 8.2, notes that "Albats warns of overoptimism" even as "the Western world continues to celebrate the fall of the Marxist empire.... She documents the continuance in power of former KGB officers and staff members often disguised as private entrepreneurs.... During the Gorbachev-Boris Yeltsin era, the KGB has grown, not shrunk.... The secret police continuance in power at the Moscow level is richly detailed by Albats.... [C]ontemporary events sustain Albats's ... persuasive argument that the KGB continues to be the 'State Within a State' and is likely to remain that way."
Albayrak, Ayla. "Turkey Passes Spy Law." Wall Street Journal, 18 Feb. 2012. [http://www.wsj.com]
On 17 February 2012, the Turkish government "passed emergency legislation blocking senior Turkish intelligence officials from being called to testify in a criminal court." The bill "marked the latest move in what appeared to be a tussle between the country's two security forces, the police and the national intelligence agency, the MIT."
Albergotti, Robert D. "Search and Seizure: Warrantless Foreign National Security Wiretaps." Tulane Law Review 49, no. 4 (May 1975): 1153-1160. [Calder]
Alberts, David S. Defensive Information Warfare. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1996.
Alberts, Robert C. The Most Extraordinary Adventures of Major Robert Stobo. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.
According to Wikipedia, "Stobo (1727-1760) was an 18th century ... colonial American frontiersman and soldier. Stobo was an officer in the Virginia militia who, during the French and Indian War, acted as a spy while a prisoner-of-war at Fort Duquesne. He was later convicted as a spy in Quebec and, while a prisoner there, he was able to gain invaluable knowledge of the local area which was later used by British forces during the capture of Quebec."
See also, Neville B. Craig, ed., Memoirs of Major Robert Stobo of the Virginia Regiment (Pittsburgh: Davidson, 1854).
Albini, Joseph L., and Julie Anderson. "Whatever Happened to the KGB?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 11, no. 1 (Spring 1998): 26-56.
The authors trace structural changes in the KGB from Bakatin's "dismantling" to 1996. They argue that "[t]he world is presently being confronted by a new and forceful espionage offensive orchestrated by Moscow, currently being carried out by the products of the former KGB, Russia's corrupt political leadership, and powerful, organized criminals."
Albright, Harry. Pearl Harbor: Japan's Fatal Blunder. New York: Hippocrene, 1988.
Petersen: "Former Army intelligence officer."
Albright, Joseph, and Marcia Kunstel. Bombshell: The Secret Story of America's Unknown Atomic Spy Conspiracy. New York: Times Books/Random House, 1997.
Clark comment: The speculation that Theodore Alvin Hall was the Soviet spy whose codename was "Mlad" seems to be at an end. Hall admits to the authors of Bombshell having contact with the Soviets, although he carefully (even at this late date) avoids admitting to specific acts of espionage. The self-serving justifications offered by Hall for his acts of treason (the Soviets were allies and a fear "of an American monopoly of atomic weapons if there should be a postwar depression") ring particularly hollow today. The question remains, however, why he was allowed to walk away from an FBI investigation in the 1950s and 1960s. Perhaps, the best guess may be that the FBI lacked the evidence to convict Hall of espionage without revealing the existence of the Venona decrypts. See report in New York Times, 16 Sep. 1997, A17 (N). See also, Hall's obituary: Bart Barnes, "Atomic Bomb Physicist Theodore Alvin Hall Dies at 74," Washington Post, 11 Nov. 1999, B7.
Herken, WPNWE, 10 Nov. 1997, says that Bombshell "is both a solid, well-researched work and a brilliant piece of reportage." The focus is the spy ring known to its Soviet handlers as the "Volunteers," comprised of Theodore Alvin Hall ("Mlad" in the Venona traffic), Saville Sax ("Star"), and the husband-and-wife team of Morris and Lona ("Helen") Cohen. The book "provides convincing evidence" that Klaus Fuchs' treachery "only confirmed information the Russians already had from Hall."
For Wettering, IJI&C 11.4, this is "an interesting biography of Ted Hall, with some fascinating looks at Morris and Lona Cohen." Although the book "contains very little real information on Hall's espionage activity," Bombshell is overall "a well-researched and very well-written biography of a heretofore little known spy."
Albright, Joseph, and Marcia Kunstel. "Retired KGB Spymaster Lifts Veil on Rosenbergs." Washington Times, 19 Mar. 1997, A1, A6.
Concerns remarks by Col. Alexander Feklisov.
Alcorn, Robert Hayden.
1. No Bugles for Spies: Tales of the OSS. New York: David McKay, 1962. London: Jarrolds, 1963.
Constantinides: Alcorn served in staff positions in both COI and OSS, and was "special funds officer" in London. "It is in the section of the book in which he discusses the importance of finances for operations and the security problems involved in the acquisition of foreign currencies to be used operationally that Alcorn has the most to contribute.... Alcorn is most at home telling administrative and support stories."
For Kent, Studies 8.1 (Winter 1964), this "book is a good part fiction and the rest a highly inaccurate reminiscence.... Alcorn's reminiscences of life in [OSS] R&A Branch ... soured this reviewer on the general credibility of the book. Here he and I served [briefly] at the same time, and the discrepancy between our respective memories is all but limitless." However, Alcorn can be "interesting and informative" when he "writes of things he really knew about."
2. No Banners, No Bands: More Tales of the OSS. New York: David McKay, 1965.
3. Spies of the OSS. London: Robert Hale, 1973.
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